City History:Poland


Nucleus, now numbering nearly 90 thousand. Slavic inhabitants of the town was the castle, situated on the hill today Wry-mouthed, at the confluence of Beaver River and Stone. Founded in the late eleventh and twelfth centuries (according to tradition years 1108 to 1111) is associated with a person of Prince Boleslaw the Wry-mouthed. Established at the foot of the castle village craft – fair received before the Magdeburg city rights in 1288, and its convenient location at the crossroads of important trade routes to the Czech Republic and Germany allowed the buoyant growth. The young town received from the Silesian rulers of many privileges and the years became famous with the product and export paintings, was also a center of mining and metallurgy on the basis of material supplied from the nearby Kowary.

In 1392 years Jelenia Gora passed to the Czech Republic, in 1527, after the death of King Louis, the last of the Jagiellonian the Czech throne, the city became part of the Habsburg monarchy. Another turning point in the history of the outbreak of the bloody Thirty Years War (1618 – 1648), after which the town podźwignęło from the devastation through the production of flax. Attributable to the eighteenth century the rapid development of tourism and interest in the surrounding mountains Jeleniogórska Valley, helped people to overcome another crisis, this time due to the Silesian wars. Their political affiliation was a corollary of Jelenia Gora to Prussia, then to Germany. This situation lasted until the end of World War II. In 1947, not affected in the war, the town was a separate city. The post-war urbanization and industrial development has meant that after the administrative reform in the Jelenia Gora, 1975, was the capital of the province. Today is a city with county rights grodzki.

Positive changes in recent years, we can see strolling through the city center, and so many renovations and historic buildings, creating new green areas, contribute to creating a new character Jelenia Gora, rightly called the “Pearl of the Karkonosze Mountains.” Currently, the city also includes districts: Maciejowa, Black, Goduszyn, Teplice, and Jagniątków Sobieszów.

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